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Chinese and Russian Defense Innovation, with American Characteristics? Military Innovation, Commercial Technologies, and Great Power Competition
Articles - August 2, 2018
 

As great power rivalries intensify, China, Russia, and the United States are redoubling their pursuit of defense innovation in emerging technologies that could change the character, perhaps even the nature, of warfare. At present, U.S. primacy in innovation remains a critical, though contested, advantage. China is emerging as a scientific and technological powerhouse, while Russia is creatively pursuing asymmetric advantages. Since advances in these dual-use technologies, including robotics and artificial intelligence (AI), are emerging increasingly from the private sector, the capacity to integrate and leverage commercial technologies will be critical in this race for advantage.

 
China Reform Monitor - No. 1336
Bulletins - August 2, 2018
 

Codifying Xi’s cult of personality;
Hong Kong chafes under Chinese control

 
Iran Democracy Monitor - No. 188
Bulletins - July 31, 2018
 

Iran's unfolding currency crisis...;
...leaves Rouhani scrambling to stabilize the national economy;
Crisis and opportunity for Iran's "reformist" camp;
A mandate to stay in Syria;
Toward an "Arab NATO"

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2236
Bulletins - July 26, 2018
 

NATO jitters over Russia's growing military capabilities;
A Russo-Ukrainian "water war"?

 
China Reform Monitor - No. 1335
Bulletins - July 26, 2018
 

Malaysia rethinks the BRI;
Huawei under renewed scrutiny

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2234
Bulletins - July 17, 2018
 

A mandate for Putin to stay put;
A glimmer of hope for Russian protesters

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2233
Bulletins - July 16, 2018
 

Rethinking the Russian Criminal Code;
Russia's vanishing middle class

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2231
Bulletins - July 11, 2018
 

Putin's cult of personality;
A quiet campaign of digital intrusion

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2230
Bulletins - July 9, 2018
 

Putin's plans for Syria;
Washington's "good cop, bad cop" routine

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2229
Bulletins - July 6, 2018
 

The fallout from Babchenko's fake killing;
Nervous in Tehran

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2228
Bulletins - July 3, 2018
 

The risks of being a Russian political opponent;
A delicate tango with Tehran

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2227
Bulletins - July 2, 2018
 

Moscow's balancing act in Syria;
A reshuffle in Russia's regions

 
Optimizing America's Outreach Toward Iran
Articles - June 28, 2018
 

America's Iran policy is at a crossroads. In the wake of President Trump's recent decision to abandon the 2015 nuclear deal, his administration has unveiled a new, more muscular approach toward the Islamic Republic. That plan, announced publicly by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on May 21, has garnered extensive scrutiny for its pledge to reimpose economic sanctions on the Islamic Republic for its nuclear and ballistic missile work, and its vow to roll back Iran's extensive influence in Syria.

 
Russian Ground Battlefield Robots: A Candid Evaluation and Ways Forward
Articles - June 25, 2018
 

Russia, like many other nations, is investing in the development of various unmanned military systems. The Russian defense establishment sees such systems as mission multipliers, highlighting two major advantages: saving soldiers’ lives and making military missions more effective. In this context, Russian developments are similar to those taking place around the world. Various militaries are fielding unmanned systems for surveillance, intelligence, logistics, or attack missions to make their forces or campaigns more effective. In fact, the Russian military has been successfully using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in training and combat since 2013. It has used them with great effect in Syria, where these UAVs flew more mission hours than manned aircraft in various Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) roles.

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2226
Bulletins - June 25, 2018
 

The real state of Russia's defense budget;
Russia's growing AIDS epidemic

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2224
Bulletins - June 15, 2018
 

Russia's parliament mulls "counter-sanctions";
The benefits of military service in Syria

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2223
Bulletins - June 14, 2018
 

Russia's expendable animals;
Moscow-Yerevan ties get a new lease on life

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2222
Bulletins - June 13, 2018
 

Reshuffling for competitiveness;
Moscow denounces Trump's Iran deal decision

 
China Reform Monitor - No. 1329
Bulletins - May 29, 2018
 

China strengthens its hold on Philippine territory;
Beijing, Tokyo work to normalize ties

 
Global Islamism Monitor - No. 51
Bulletins - May 23, 2018
 

Pakistan's "University of Jihad";
Egypt attempts a new strategy in the Sinai;
Saudi Arabia seizes the moment against the MB...;
...and makes a move toward religious pluralism



 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2214
Bulletins - May 16, 2018
 

Tit-for-tat economic sanctions from Russia;
Target: Telegram

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2213
Bulletins - May 15, 2018
 

New U.S. sanctions begin to bite;
Russia frustrates response to Syrian atrocities

 
Iran Democracy Monitor - No. 185
Bulletins - May 9, 2018
 

U.S. policy: Back to sanctions...;
...and plans for a broader strategy;
Meanwhile in Iran, official anger...;
...and grassroots ferment

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2212
Bulletins - May 7, 2018
 

New U.S. sanctions target Russian elites;
The slow death of Russia's rural schools

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2211
Bulletins - May 4, 2018
 

The Russian threat to undersea cables;
Revealed: Russia's strategy to destabilize Ukraine

 
Democrats have good reason to confirm Mike Pompeo as secretary of State
Articles - April 19, 2018
 

Mike Pompeo should be promptly confirmed as secretary of State because he is well qualified, but also because this is an extraordinarily dangerous time for the United States to be without an effective secretary of State.

American diplomacy is tasked with advancing the interests of the United States while avoiding war. Any such success depends upon American diplomats credibly issuing threats, guarantees, and offers of help. This essential credibility, in turn, depends upon the relationship of America’s secretary of State with the president. And this is perhaps the most serious reason why Pompeo is an excellent choice to be our next secretary of State.

 
The Other Iranian Threat
Articles - April 17, 2018
 

Whatever happened to the Iranian cyberthreat? Not all that long ago, American officials were preoccupied with the growing disruptive capabilities that the Islamic Republic had begun to demonstrate on the World-Wide Web. That, however, was before the start of negotiations over Iran's atomic program in 2013. Those talks allowed Iran's cyber activities to recede from public view, as policymakers in Washington focused their attention on nuclear diplomacy with Tehran, while Iranian hackers temporarily became more cautious in their choice of targets and the visibility of their attacks. More recently, worries about Iran's cyber capabilities have taken a back seat to concerns regarding Iran's growing conventional military might, and its mounting regional adventurism in places like Syria and Yemen.

 
China Reform Monitor - No. 1322
Bulletins - April 16, 2018
 

Chinese household debt grows;
Congress moves to limit Chinese influence in academia

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2206
Bulletins - April 12, 2018
 

A new Kremlin counterterrorism sweep;
New details in Skripal case point to Russia

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2203
Bulletins - April 5, 2018
 

Greater NATO resolve needed;
Another poisoning in London

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2202
Bulletins - April 3, 2018
 

An energy war against Ukraine;
Russia's costly Syria campaign

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2201
Bulletins - April 2, 2018
 

In Syria, Russia is both "arsonist and firefighter";
A new arms race with Russia?

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2200
Bulletins - March 30, 2018
 

Hacking Pyongchang;
How Russia is helping America's arms industry

 
The Long Game on the Silk Road: US and EU Strategy for Central Asia and the Caucasus
Books - March 2018
 

This book argues that American and European policies toward Central Asia and the Caucasus suffer from both conceptual and structural impediments.

 
Is This The End Of EU History?
Articles - March 21, 2018
 

Remember Francis Fukayama? The American political scientist and author briefly became the darling of the political science set in the early 1990s with his theory, encapsulated in his bestselling book "The End of History and the Last Man," that the end of the Cold War marked the final evolution of mankind's search for a system of governance, and that Western-style liberal democracy had emerged as the clear winner.

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2197
Bulletins - March 19, 2018
 

Navalny senses a cover-up;
Who's in charge in Syria?

 
What Moscow Thinks About When It Thinks About War Robots
Articles - March 17, 2018
 

Russian defense minister Sergei Shoigu made a significant announcement in mid-March 2018 at a domestic technology forum. "The serial production of combat robots for the Russian armed forces may start already this year," he stated.

Shoigu also implied, in response a question about whether remote-controlled unmanned systems would be utilized in the future, that the concept of a combat unmanned system remotely operated by a human has already been implemented in the Russian armed forces.

 
The Limits Of Saudi Reform
Articles - March 14, 2018
 

Just how far-reaching are Saudi Arabia's reforms? These days, there is unbridled optimism in official Washington over what are widely seen as sweeping social and economic changes taking place in the historically-stagnant Kingdom.

At first glance, Saudi Arabia does indeed appear to be on the march. Since 2016, when he formally unveiled his
National Transformation Plan, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman - better known as MbS - has presided over an ambitious initiative to overhaul the national economy and Saudi society.

 
Do Merkel And Germany Have A Future?
Articles - March 6, 2018
 

Germany has a new grand-coalition government (GROKO) in sight thanks to the decision by Social Democratic Party (SPD) rank and file to agree to another link-up with Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats (CDU/CSU). SPD dues-paying members voted by two-thirds in a postal referendum to play second fiddle once again under Merkel at the national level. Both parties are motivated by palpable fear that failure to agree would provoke new elections in which they could both lose even more votes to the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) than they did in the shocking general election last September.

 
China Reform Monitor - No. 1318
Bulletins - March 1, 2018
 

China's maritime build-up;
Autonomous shipping takes shape

 
Resource Security Watch - No. 11
Bulletins - February 16, 2018
 

The hidden cost of cryptocurrency;
Tehran's toxic air;
Reclassifying climate change;
China moves to manage carbon emissions;
Indonesia's sinking city

 
Germany's Social Democrats Meet Their Day of Reckoning
Articles - February 10, 2018
 

Government formation in Germany is approaching a crunch point. The main center-right (CDU/CSU) and center-left (SPD) parties have reached an agreement on a new grand-coalition government, similar to that which preceded inconclusive national elections last September. The crunch point will be a referendum on that agreement by the dues-paying, card-carrying membership of the Social Democratic Party.

 
Trump Believes In U.S. Power
Articles - January 31, 2018
 

In the national security section of Tuesday's State of the Union speech, President Donald Trump had a single, unifying message: The administration will confront America's international challenges with a realistic appreciation for the importance of U.S. power and leadership.

 
Russia Reform Monitor - No. 2185
Bulletins - January 26, 2018
 

Whitewashing Stalin's purges;
Soviet nostalgia rears its head anew

 
Freedom On The Wane
Articles - January 23, 2018
 

When Great Britain told the United States in February of 1947 that it could no longer protect Greece and Turkey, President Harry Truman and his top aides realized that America would have to step up to protect freedom or cede the Mediterranean and maybe Europe and other regions to the Soviets.

 
A New Approach To Iran
Articles - January 17, 2018
 

The recent protests in Iran may be petering out, but the White House is ramping up its response to them. Last week, in tandem with his most recent decision to prolong the controversial 2015 Iran nuclear deal for another three months, President Trump opened a new front against the Islamic Republic by levying fresh human rights sanctions on a number of key regime figures and institutions.

 
What Trump Needs To Know To Reform US Broadcasting
Articles - January 16, 2018
 

The announcement last week by Rep. Ed Royce (R-Calif.), the powerful chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, that he plans to resign at the end of his current term in office will unquestionably have enormous ramifications for the shape of U.S. foreign policy toward Syria, Ukraine, North Korea and Iran, as well as a host of other topics on which the congressman has distinguished himself during his eleven terms in office. But Royce's impending retirement will be felt in another area as well: that of U.S. public diplomacy.

 
Unconventional Wisdom in the Middle East
Articles - January 9, 2018
 

Recent events across the Middle East put the lie to one of the foreign policy establishment's most enduring tenets of conventional nonsense: that Israeli-Palestinian peace is key to greater regional peace and stability.

 
What To Watch For In Iran's Turmoil
Articles - January 8, 2018
 

Will Iran's pro-democracy protests last? As the uprisings that have unexpectedly swept across the Islamic Republic approach their second full week, that's the question on the mind of policymakers in Washington.

 
Trump's foreign policy pattern is all bark and no bite
Articles - January 8, 2018
 

Recent foreign policy moves by the Trump administration disclose a pattern of thought and action that merits being seen in its totality. Towards the end of 2017 the administration released a vigorous national security strategy that not only labeled China and Russia as adversaries but also “took no prisoners” in asserting that the U.S. would act vigorously against challenges.